Puppies and kittens start should start vaccines at 6-8 weeks. Adult dogs and cats usually need yearly vaccines, although some vaccines can be given on a 3 year schedule.
Heartworm testing and prevention:
All dogs (outside AND inside) should have a yearly heartworm test and should be on consistent monthly heartworm prevention. Consistent monthly heartworm prevention is AS IMPORTANT as keeping your vaccines up to date!
Flea and tick prevention:
Fleas can cause severe skin problems and can also carry parasites such as tapeworms and blood-bourne diseases. Fleas can cause anemia that can be fatal in puppies and kittens. Ticks can carry blood-bourne diseases such as Ehrlichia, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and Lyme’s Disease.
A microchip is a permanent source of indentification. This tiny device is inserted under your pet’s skin in just seconds, and can make the difference in reuniting you with your lost pet. Especially in hurricane country, a microchip is considered part of preparing your pet in the case of a disaster.
It can be confusing to know what your pet needs to be healthy. Let us help you!
Wellness Guidelines for Puppies and Dogs:
|6 weeks||DAPP,Bordetella||yes||start monthly||start monthly|
|9 weeks||DAPPL, Bordetella||yes||monthly||monthly|
|12 weeks||DAPPL, canine influenza||monthly||monthly|
|16 weeks||DAPPL, Rabies, canine influenza||monthly||monthly|
|adult||DAPPL, Bordetella, Rabies,
|adult|| DAPP and Rabies may be given on a three
year schedule if using an appropriate vaccine
DAPP: Distemper, Adenovirus, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza
DAPPL: Distemper, Adenovirus, Parvovirus, Parainfluenza, Leptospirosis
Guidelines are based on recommendations from the American Animal Hospital Association.
Wellness Guidelines Table for Kittens and Cats:
|6 weeks||FVRCP||yes||start monthly||start monthly|
|9 weeks||FVRCP, FeLV*||yes||monthly||monthly|
|12 weeks||FVRCP, FeLV||monthly||monthly|
|16 weeks||FVRCP, Rabies||monthly||monthly|
|adult||FVRCP, FeLV, Rabies||yearly||monthly||monthly|
|adult||Rabies may be given on a 3 year
schedule when using an appropriate vaccine
FVRCP: Feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus, panleukopenia
FeLV: Feline Leukemia Virus. It is recommended that all kittens or cats with unknown vaccination history be tested for Feline Leukemia before initial vaccination
Vaccination Guidelines based on Recommendations from the American Association of Feline Practitioners.
Heartworms: the facts, testing, prevention and treatment:
Heartworms in Dogs:
Many people do not realize that heartworms are carried by mosquitoes.
- When a mosquito bites an infected dog and takes a blood meal, it may take up microfilaria (baby or larval heartworms). These microfilaria MUST live in the mosquito for a certain period of time before they are capable of infecting other dogs. When the infected mosquito bites another dog, the microfilaria may get into the body of the dog. It takes 6 months for the microfilaria to migrate to the right side of the heart and the pulmonary blood vessels (the large blood vessels that go from the heart to the lungs. Once there, the heartworms live out the remainder of their life.
- Only adult worms are able to be detected by standard heartworm tests.
- Dogs infected with heartworms may go for a long period of time without symptoms. This is the most important time that the pet be diagnosed as heartworm positive, because these pets have the best chances of having successful treatment.
- Pets that begin to show symptoms of heartworm disease will experience weight loss, loss of energy, cough and eventually will go into full right-sided heart failure due to permanent damage to the heart and lungs. These pets are considered high risk for heartworm treatment.
- Heartworm treatment involves giving three injections of a drug called Immiticide in the muscle of the back. The first injection is followed by a month of strict exercise restriction. The second and third injections are given 24 hrs apart, followed by another month of strict rest.
Heartworms in Cats:
Yes, cats can get heartworms too. Heartworm disease is different in cats than in dogs.
- Cats tend to have significant lung injury and disease rather than heart disease as seen in dogs.
- Cats can have significant disease from just one or several larvae and/or immature worms.
- Yes, indoor cats can have heartworm disease because larvae transmitted from just one mosquito can cause problems. In a North Carolina study, 28% of the cats diagnosed with heartworms were indoor only cats
- Because larvae and immature worms can cause significant disease, testing can be inconclusive in cats because current tests detect adult worms.
- Cats are not able to be treated for heartworms due to life threatening side-effects, therefore prevention is the best option.
Healthy Pets USA recommends the following medications as heartworm prevention for your cat:
- Advantage Multi: a topical medication used monthly to prevent heartworms, fleas and topical parasites such as ear mites
- Revolution: a topical medication used monthly to prevent heartworms, fleas and topical parasites such as ear mites